The third branch of the names Este - Austrian ... The effect of different combinations of hereditary rights in the Austrian Habsburg home the title of "Duke d'Este", purely nominal, went to Archduke Franz Ferdinand (rod. in 1863), nephew of Emperor Franz Joseph and the current ( ie at the beginning of the XX century - Ed.), heir to the Austrian throne "[988; 00], article" Este ". And further: "To the great sons of Ferrara belongs to Savonarola, who was born there (in 1452), he taught at the University of ... Ferrara also brought up the famous physicist Galvani (born in 1737.). Tyrannical, wasteful and incredibly frivolous reign of Alfonso II the first time undermined the power of Ferrara. After his death (1597) the name of Este lost the duchy, which reunited was a Papal States under Clement VIII ... the glory of Ferrara came to an end. The Congress of Vienna regained her fathers, but it was occupied by the Austrian squad. After removing it (in 1359) in the city there was a revolt against Rome, and he, along with the rest of Emilia joined unites the Kingdom of Italy (1860), "[988; 00], article" Ferrara ".